When charges are separated, a space is created where forces are exerted on the charges. An electric field is such a space. Depending upon the polarity of the charges, the force is either attractive or repulsive. Therefore, we can say that static charges generate an electric field. An electric field influences the space surrounding it. Electric field strength is determined in terms of the force exerted on charges. A capacitor is a reservoir of charge. The two parallel plates of a capacitor, when connected to a voltage source, establishes an electric field between the plates. The positive terminal, or pole of the voltage source will draw electrons from plate 1 whereas the negative pole will push extra electrons on to plate 2. Voltage across the capacitor will rise. The capacitor gets charged equal to the voltage of the source. The capacitance of a capacitor is a measure of its ability to store charge. The capacitance of a capacitor is increased by the presence of a dielectric material between the two plates of the capacitor.
A current-carrying conductor or a coil produces magnetic field around it. The strength of the magnetic field produced depends on the magnitude of the current flowing through the conductor or the coil. There is presence of magnetic field around permanent magnets as well.
A magnet is a body which attracts iron, nickel, and cobalt. Permanent magnets retain their magnetic properties. Electromagnets are made from coils through which current is allowed to flow. Their magnetic properties will be present as long as current flows through the coil.
The space within which forces are exerted by a magnet is called a magnetic field. It is the area of influence of the magnet.